Rom 11:1-6


The word remnant according to the dictionary means still remaining.


God has called out a nation in Israel.


God worked with Israel.


God promised to make Israel an everlasting nation.


Isa 59:20-21

20  And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD.

21  As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.


God will not turn back on His promise concerning Israel.


God will keep His promise.

Israel shall remain a nation throughout time.


Paul has just said that God has stretched His had and Israel was a disobedient and gainsaying people.


That they had stumbled at the stumbling block.


That they refused Christ as the Messiah and had missed grace because of their lack of faith in Christ.


Now Paul must reassure the Israelite that God has not forgotten His promise concerning the nation of Israel.

                                                                                          There is a remnant a group still remaining. Israel will always be a nation unto God.


Now is a period when it seems they have turned from God.


But, God will raise up Israel once again.


This will take place after the fullness of the Gentiles (vs 25).


After God has allowed a multitude of the Gentiles to be saved by grace.




God foreknew.  And if God foreknows that means it is going to happen exactly as He knows it. That means that God is in control.


God created the universe and man.


The atmosphere, the light and darkness, the plants, the fish and fowl, the animals.


God created all that by His voice.

What tremendous power to put it all into motion.


B. God created man.

But after the stage was set, the environment for man was perfect, God came down and took of the dust of the earth He had created and formed a man.


This seems as if He did it with His own hands.


He scooped up the dirt gently formed a creature after the likeness of God the father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit, then God breathed into the nostrils of this inanimate creation and gave him life.


Then God named him Adam God almighty put Adam to sleep and took from His breast a part of this man a created Eve the mother all mankind.


God orchestrates His plan.


God had a purpose in mind when He created all things, including man.


God’s purpose is His decree. God has decreed all things decently and in order.


And all things are unfolding in perfect harmony to His plan.


Isa 14:24

24  The LORD of hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, so shall it stand:


Isa 14:26-27

26  This is the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth: and this is the hand that is stretched out upon all the nations.

27  For the LORD of hosts hath purposed, and who shall disannul it? and his hand is stretched out, and who shall turn it back?


Eph 1:11

11  In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:


Ps 33:11

11  The counsel of the LORD standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.


God has a purpose for the nation of Israel and He is not finished.


God allowed the Gentile nations to overtake Israel.


Israel is not leading the world today.


They are not the main focus of God as in the day of Abraham, Isaac Jacob, Moses, and John the Baptist.


We now live in the time of the Gentile.




When the Gentile nations have been extended an invitation of salvation by grace.


God extends His mercy to all who will call upon.


Mark 16:15

15  And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.


Matt 28:19-20

19  Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

20  Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.


Acts 1:8

8    But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.




Rom 10:13

13  For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.


Matt 11:28-30

28  Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

29  Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.

30  For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.

                                                                                          Rev 5:9

9    And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;


All is happening according to the unfolding of God’s perfect plan, even the death of our precious Savior.


Acts 2:23

23  Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:


Because, without His death there could be no resurrection and no salvation.


I. The Power to Preserve the remnant.



(vs 4-5)


1 King 19:10

10  And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.


1 King 19:14

14  And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: because the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.


A. The reasons for pessimism.

Looking at the example that Paul has provided in 1 Kings and in Elijah we can see why Elijah and people today become discouraged and unbelieving.


Elijah had no fellowship.


Eccl 4:9-12

9    Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labour.

10  For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up.

11  Again, if two lie together, then they have heat: but how can one be warm alone?

12  And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken.


Ps 55:14

14  We took sweet counsel together, and walked unto the house of God in company.


Ps 119:63

63  I am a companion of all them that fear thee, and of them that keep thy precepts.


Elijah worked hard and saw few converts.


3. Elijah was tired physically and worn-out emotionally.


1 Cor 15:58

58  Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.

                                                                                          B. The Results of Pessimism.


Brought Elijah to the juniper tree.


Elijah wanted to give up and die.


1 King 19:4

4    But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree: and he requested for himself that he might die; and said, It is enough; now, O LORD, take away my life; for I am not better than my fathers.


When we are pessimistic we forget the power of Almighty God.



We limit His ability to use even the frailest of vessels for His glory.


1 Cor 1:27-29

27  But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty;

28  And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are:

29  That no flesh should glory in his presence.

We have no confidence in our flesh to build a Church here in Cowan, Tennessee.


But we can be assured that God is able to do far above that which we can imagine.


When Elijah was down and out because of a pessimistic attitude brought on by exhaustion, he thought he was alone. God had 7,000 who had not bowed to Baal.


1 King 19:18

18  Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which hath not kissed him.


What an encouragement! 


When we visit and send letters we may think we are few in numbers.


But we do not know how many are out there just like us.


Wanting to build a church for God’s glory.


2 Cor 4:16-18

16  For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day.

17  For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory;

18  While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal.


Gal 6:9

9    And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.


Paul doesn’t want the Israelite to be pessimistic concerning God’s promises.


And neither should we be pessimistic.


I. The Power to preserve the Remnant


II. The pessimism concerning the Remnant




The remnant will be preserved by grace.


Eph 2:8-9

8    For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

9    Not of works, lest any man should boast.


The Remnant cannot be preserved through works.


Titus 3:5-8

5    Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;

6    Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;

7    That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

8    This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.


Isa 64:6

6    But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.


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